MSL 681 Leading Change: APA

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APA Citation Resources

The Fischler College of Education uses APA (6th ed.) for class assignments. These resources will help:

APA In-Text Citations

Paraphrased In-Text Citation

Paraphrasing allows writers to use their own words to share the ideas of others. In this vein, writers can vary their style in order to place the citation at the beginning, middle or end of the sentence.

At the beginning of the sentence:
Mickalowski, Mickelson, and Keltgen (2008) believe Apple used their lead in the portable music player market to strategically time the iPhone’s launch.

In the middle of the sentence:
Without the success of the iPod, Mickalowski, Mickelson, and Keltgen (2008) believe Apple’s launch of the iPhone would not have been as profitable as it was.

Or at the end of the sentence:
The success of Apple’s iPhone launch is strongly tied to the existing success of the iPod (Mickalowski, Mickelson, & Keltgen, 2008).

 

Direct Quote In-Text Citation

According to Mickalowski, Mickelson, and Keltgen (2008), “Apple parlayed the strong reputation of the Apple brand and the iPod’s success to enter a lucrative cell phone market” (p. 283).

If a direct quotation is longer than 40 words, it should be single spaced and indented as a block of text.

Apple parlayed the strong reputation of the Apple brand and the iPod’s success to enter a lucrative cell phone market, a step that may ward off a potential threat to Apple as other companies introduce devices that have strong music-storing and playback capabilities. (Mickalowski, Mickelson, & Keltgen, 2008, pp. 283-284)

Quick APA Reference List Examples - Articles, Books, Website Citations


 

 

  Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs)

doi

Reference List Example