Anyone with access to a computer can publish information online. The "CRAAP" Test helps you evaluate the information you find in print and online sources for inaccurate, out-of-date, or false information. If the information doesn't pass the test, you probably should not use it as a source.
- When was it published/posted or last updated?
- Do you need current information, or are older sources acceptable?
- Does it relate to your topic or answer your question?
- Who is the intended audience?
- Is the information at an appropriate level? Too advanced? Too easy?
- Who is the author, publisher, source, or sponsor?
- What are their credentials or organizational affiliations?
- Is the author qualified to write on the topic?
- Where does the information come from?
- Is the information supported by evidence?
- Has it been reviewed or refereed?
- What is the purpose of the information? To inform, teach, sell, entertain, or persuade?
- Is the information fact, opinion, or propaganda?
- Does the point of view appear objective and impartial, free of emotion, and unbiased?